Memorial in memory of the murdered Jewish citizens
At the abbey, Wasserzucht 1
An impressive accessible area of commemoration situated at the abbey, Wasserzucht 1, commemorates the Jewish victims in Wunstorf. It consists of a rotating relief which shows prisoners behind a barbed wire in a stylised way. Seven arms inserted in the pavement lead to seven plaques, containing the names of 42 Jewish citizens who became victims of the Holocaust. A small plaque renders the following explanation:
"Memorial in memory of the murdered Jewish citizens of Wunstorf during the Nazi regime."
The object was created by stone sculptor Ostap Rebmann in 2002. A touring exhibition called Sie waren Bürger Wunstorfs (They were Citizens of Wunstorf) shows the life and the way to extermination of Wunstorf citizens of Jewish belief. It can be borrowed at the Bürgerkomitee Weiße Rose (citizens’ commission of the White Rose).
Information concerning the former Jewish parish, a list of the names of the murdered Jewish citizens (PDF), as well as tips concerning the cemeteries at the streets Nordrehr and Am Hohen Holz not far from the water works are available at the city’s website www.wunstorf.de at Kultur und Archiv/ Kleines historisches Wunstorf- Lexikon (culture and archive/ small historical encyclopedia of Wunstorf). These cemeteries contain the graves of members of the Jewish parishes Hagenburg and Steinhude of 18th and 19th century.
To be found on the map under:
60. Memorial in memory of the murdered Jewish citizens
Place of commemoration: at the end of the street Wasserzucht in front of the building of the former abbey
Directions: For directions please visit www.efa.dehttp://www.efa.de
Südstraße 1, 31515 Wunstorf
Tel. +49 (5031) 10 12 42
For the Wanderaustellung (touring exhibition) “They were citizens of Wunstorf”:
“Weiße Rose” (White Rose) – Wunstorf against racism and right wing violence
Mr. Thomas Winz
Tel. +49 (531) 74890
Memorial in memory of murdered patients
Landeskrankenhaus (regional hospital) Wunstorf
The memorial plaque bears the inscription:
“We commemorate the patients, who were transported from the Landes-Heil- und Pflegeanstalt (regional mental and nursing hospital) Wunstorf and cruelly murdered by the Nazi-regime. 158 mentally ill people of Jewish origin from all over Northern Germany were brought here in September 1940. They were sent to the Zuchthaus (hard labour penal facility; prison) Brandenburg and sentenced to death in the gas chambers. 212 ill people, who were seen as not worthy of living due to mental illness and nervous disease, were transported to clinics in Idstein, Scheuern, and Eichberg from 23 April, 1941 to 1 August, 1941. From there they were brought to death camps.
Commemoration makes life human. Neglect makes it inhuman.”
A memorial for the victims of the National Socialist psychiatry was presented to the public on the site of the Landeskrankenhaus (regional hospital) Wunstorf in 2001. The memorial commemorates Jewish victims who were among the patients of the psychiatry in Northern Germany, and also victims of the so called ‘T4-Aktion’ (Action T4) in World War II. The Minister of Inner Affairs ordered the assembly of Jewish patients from all over Northern Germany in Wunstorf, in conditions of total secrecy. It was conducted by an SS-Tarnorganisation (camouflage organisation). The Jewish patients were murdered in the old Zuchthaus (hard labour penal facility; prison) Brandenburg on 27 September, 1940. The Zuchthaus was disguised as the Landespflegeanstalt (regional nursing hospital). Further victims of the psychiatry during the Nazi-regime in the region of Hanover were patients in Langenhagen (see: Langenhagen).
For information about a loan exhibition on the subject of ‘Psychiatry in the Third Reich in Lower Saxony please visit:
Literature: 78, 100
61. Memorial in memory of murdered patients
Place of commemoration: The memorial is located in the inner courtyard of the Landeskrankenhaus (regional hospital) Wunstorf. Entrance at Südstraße 25, located by a lawn on the left-hand side.
Directions: For directions please visit www.efa.de.
Klinikum Region Hannover Wunstorf GmbH
Südstraße 25, 31515 Wunstorf
Tel. +49 (5031) 93-0
Fax. +49 (5031) 93 12 07
E-mail: info.wunstorf [at] krh.eu
Internet: www.krh.eu/wunstorf under: Wir über uns/Geschichte in einer Zeittafel
Information about compulsory sterilization and murder of patients.